Town in the state of Maine, United States
Town in Maine, United States
Brooklin is a town in Hancock County, Maine, United States. The population was 827 at the 2020 census.[2]

History[edit]
Brooklin was originally part the larger town of Sedgwick. Brooklin broke off and formed its own town in 1849. A few weeks later, the name was changed to Brooklin, after the brook line which separated it from Sedgwick. Using pogie oil as a fertilizer, the difficult soil was made productive, and hay became the principal crop. With excellent harbors, however, the main occupations were fishing and seafaring. By 1859, when the population was 1,002, it also had five boot and shoemaking factories, as well as two barrel manufacturers.[3] By 1886, the town was noted for producing smoked herring in considerable quantities. Canning lobster had also become an important business.[4]

Old High School c. 1915

Geography[edit]
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.18 square miles (106.66 km2), of which 17.92 square miles (46.41 km2) is land and 23.26 square miles (60.24 km2) is water.[1] Brooklin is situated on the Benjamin River overlooking Jericho Bay.
The town is crossed by Maine State Route 175.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]
As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 824 people, 397 households, and 238 families living in the town. The population density was 46.0 inhabitants per square mile (17.8/km2). There were 874 housing units at an average density of 48.8 per square mile (18.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.9% White, 1.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.5% of the population.
There were 397 households, of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.63.
The median age in the town was 52.9 years. 17.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.4% were from 25 to 44; 35.4% were from 45 to 64; and 26.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]
As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 841 people, 371 households, and 244 families living in the town. The population density was 46.8 inhabitants per square mile (18.1/km2). There were 697 housing units at an average density of 38.8 per square mile (15.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.45% White, 0.12% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population.
There were 371 households, out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 21.5% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $36,786, and the median income for a family was $46,591. Males had a median income of $30,250 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,704. About 6.9% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Archaeology[edit]

An 11th-century Norse coin was (allegedly[8])
found in Brooklin at the site of an excavation of a Native American trading center. If true this would be the only physical evidence of Nordic settlers having entered the area of what is now the United States. If not an outright hoax, it is also possible that the coin was brought to the site not directly by Vikings, but rather through trading.

National Historic Sites[edit]
Beth Eden Chapel, added August 2, 2001
Brooklin IOOF Hall, added January 26, 1990
Flye Point 2, added April 15, 1985
Goddard Site, added May 7, 1979
E. B. White House, added September 22, 1986
Notable people[edit]
Rockbound Chapel, completed in 1902
John Wesley Powell geologist and explorer[9]
Oswald Veblen, mathematician, geometer, topologist
E. B. White, author of Charlotte’s Web, The Trumpet of the Swan, and Stuart Little
James Russell Wiggins, managing editor of The Washington Post, United Nations ambassador
Michael Chabon, Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay, Wonder Boys, The Yiddish Policemen’s Union, and others.
References[edit]

^ a b “US Gazetteer files 2010”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.

^ “Census – Geography Profile: Brooklin town, Hancock County, Maine”. Retrieved January 23, 2022.

^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts: A.J. Coolidge. pp. 72–73. coolidge mansfield history description new england 1859.

^ Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Brooklin, Boston: Russell

^ “Census of Population and Housing”. Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

^ “U.S. Census website”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.

^ “U.S. Census website”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

^ Norse Penny Archived 2009-02-06 at the Wayback Machine – Carpenter, Edmund.

^
Aton, James (1994). John Wesley Powell. Boise State University. p. 30. ISBN 9780884301134.

Further reading[edit]
Wright, Virginia M. “Brooklin: The Boatbuilding Capital of the World”. Down East: The Magazine of Maine (September 2009).
External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°15′58″N 68°34′09″W / 44.26611°N 68.56917°W / 44.26611; -68.56917

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